Logan is a city located in Cache County, Utah. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 42,670, a substantial increase over the 1990 figure of 32,771. The estimated population in 2004 had increased to 45,517. The Logan metropolitan area contains 109,666 residents. It is the county seat of Cache County. Logan is located in northern Utah, north of Ogden on the Logan River; it is about 82 miles (130km) north of Salt Lake City. The city was founded in 1859 by Mormon settlers and has been the location of the Logan Utah Temple since its dedication in 1884. It is home to the main campus of Utah State University, founded in 1888, and is often known as a college town. It is also a major producer of cheese and other dairy products.
Logan is the principal city of the Logan, UT-ID Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Cache County in Utah and Franklin County in Idaho. In 2005, Morgan Quitno declared the Logan metropolitan area the safest in the United States.
Logan is located at 41°44'16" North, 111°49'51" West (41.737878, -111.830846)GR1.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.2 km² (17.0 mi²). 42.8 km² (16.5 mi²) of it is land and 1.4 km² (0.5 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 3.17% water.
The city lies near the eastern edge of Cache Valley on the western slopes of the Bear River Mountains, the northernmost branch of the Wasatch Range. The eastern portions of the city are constructed on top of an ancient alluvial fan with very steep slopes down to the rest of town and the Logan River bottom. To the west lies a flatland that contains farmland and marshes. To the north and south lie the quickly-growing residential suburbs of Logan. Logan also lies at the western terminus of Logan Canyon. US Highways 89 and 91 enter from the southwest together and separate in downtown Logan. US 91 heads north into Idaho through Cache Valley while US 89 heads northeast into Logan Canyon and on to Bear Lake. Logan is also served by a local free bus system (funded by sales taxes) which reaches as far as Richmond, Hyrum, and Wellsville and throughout the city proper. There is a corporate airport (Logan-Cache Airport, IATA code LGU) but as of 2005 had no scheduled air services, as the city is within an easy drive of Salt Lake City International Airport.
Education in Logan is taken very seriously. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 12.3% of adults 25 years-old have a graduate or professional degree, 22.2% have a bachelors degree, 8.4% have an associates degree, and 27.7% have some college but no degree. This may be an influence of the high percentage of Utah State University faculty and staff residing in the city.
Average ACT scores in the Logan School District in 2005 were 21.5 for English, 21.3 for math, 22.7 for reading, 22.1 for science and 22 composite score. Average ACT scores in the Cache County School District, which surrounds Logan city, in 2005 were 20.9 in English, 20.8 in math, 22.5 in reading, 21.5 in science and 21.5 composite score. Two-hundred-fifty Logan High students took the ACT in 2005 and 593 Mountain Crest/Sky View/Cache High students (in Cache County School District) took the test in 2005.
Approximately $4,146 is spent per pupil in the Logan School District. In October 2005, there were 2,600 kindergarten through fifth-grade students, 1,252 sixth- through eighth-grade students and 1,702 high school students. Those numbers report about a 100-student decrease from the previous year. Drop-out rate was 2.3%. 11% of students speak English as a second language.
During the 2004-2005 school year, there were 321 professional teachers, resulting in a pupil/teacher ratio of 25.9. The average contract salary for teachers was $38,639.
There are six elementary schools (K-5), 1 middle school, (6-8), and 1 high school (9-12), with two campuses, in Logan. There are two regular high schools outside Logan in Cache County, one charter high school in Logan and one alternative high school in the county.
Edith Bowen Laboratory School, on the campus of Utah State University, not only provides opportunities for teachers to offer innovative curriculum, but provides residents an alternative educational opportunity for their children.
Thomas Edison Charter School, which has two campuses, is a public school for grades K-8 offering an academic stimulated curriculum. The Logan River Academy provides adolescent treatment services along with a structured academic program. Fast Forward Charter High School offers "at-risk" students individualized attention while adhering to state standards. There are also a number of small private schools in Logan.
Bridgerland Applied Technology College provides opportunities for students to learn life skills in business, dental technology, design and construction, fashion and hospitality, health science, information technology, manufacturing, nutrition and food, public safety, and transportation.
Logan is also the home of Utah State University, a land-grant institution classified as a Carnegie Foundation Doctoral/Research University Extensive, offering bachelors, masters and doctorate degrees in a variety of subjects.
Logan was also the home of Brigham Young College, a school operated ran by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It operated from 1878 until it was closed in 1926. Its library and papers were all given to Utah State University.
Given its distance from the Salt Lake City media market, Logan features a variety of media outlets which cater to residents of the Cache Valley.
Logan is home to The Herald Journal newspaper, which won the Utah Press Association's General Excellence award in 2005, which is awarded to the state's best newspaper each year. It was the first time a newspaper outside of the Salt Lake market received the award.
The Valley Channel is a local television station which provides community oriented programs, news talk shows and coverage of local high school sporting events and Utah State University hockey.
The Cache Valley Radio Group produces a variety of radio stations, including 610 AM KVNU with news and sports, 92.9 FM with soft rock, 94.5 FM with top 40, and 96.7 FM with country.
Utah State University also runs its own radio station, which is an affiliate of National Public Radio. Utah Public Radio is broadcast to many rural areas of the state, and is heard in Cache County on 89.5 FM and 91.5 FM. It features a state-issues talk show each weekday morning called "Access Utah" where hosts Lee Austin and Tom Williams banter about everything from legislative issues to health.
As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 42,670 people, 13,902 households, and 9,175 families residing in the city. The population density was 997.3/km² (2,583.2/mi²). There were 14,692 housing units at an average density of 343.4/km² (889.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.93% White, 0.64% African American, 0.85% Native American, 3.60% Asian, 0.29% Pacific Islander, 4.08% from other races, and 1.61% from two or more races. 8.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 13,902 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 34.3% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 9.7% from 45 to 64, and 7.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,778, and the median income for a family was $33,784. Males had a median income of $27,304 versus $19,687 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,765. 22.7% of the population and 12.6% of families were below the poverty line. 15.6% of those under the age of 18 and 6.4% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
FAMOUS PEOPLE FROM LOGAN UTAH
Rocky Anderson - current mayor of Salt Lake City
Clay Brown - NFL player
Chris Cooley - NFL player
Kevin Dyson - NFL player
Marriner Eccles - former chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank
John Gilbert (actor) - silent screen star
Rulon Jones - NFL player
Merlin Olsen - NFL player
May Swenson - poet
Kip Thorne - astronomer
HISTORY OF LOGAN
Founded in 1859, Logan, a city of approximately 33,000, is located on the east side of Cache Valley in northern Utah at the mouth of Logan Canyon.
On 6 June 1859 a small group of Mormon settlers sent to Cache Valley by Brigham Young surveyed a fort site near the banks of the Logan River and began harvesting logs for houses. By the middle of the month, the first drawing for parcels of land took place. A second group plowed land and planted three acres of wheat on 10 June on an area called "the island." They constructed two rows of cabins facing each other, patterning the settlement after Salt Lake City, including streets wide enough for several vehicles to pass each other. By March 1860 there were 100 houses in the settlement, which was named Logan after an early trapper, Ephraim Logan. The city was incorporated on 17 January 1866 and Alvin Crockett was elected Logan's first mayor.
Though not the first white settlement in Cache Valley, Logan became the principal city because of its central location and its abundant water supply for mills and irrigation. Farmers and their families gathered there to buy and sell; industries grew to service the community. Eventually, Logan became the county seat for Cache County.
In November 1859 Mormon apostles Orson Hyde and Ezra T. Benson installed William B. Preston as bishop of Logan. That winter the citizens built a schoolhouse which doubled as a meetinghouse for the seventeen families of the settlement. The founding settlers included John B. and Aaron D. Thatcher, W.B. Preston, George L. Farrell, Thomas E. Ricks, and their families. The Thatchers developed a family empire in Logan--including business interests in banking, merchandising, manufacturing, mining, building of railroads, and commerce. In the spring of 1860, the Thatcher patriarch, Hezekiah, brought the first assortment of general merchandise to the city.
Other early industries in the town consisted of a sawmill, a lime kiln, a tannery, and a carding mill. Of course, agriculture formed the basis of the local economy.
In the winter of 1865 work began on the Logan LDS Tabernacle but was halted for a time while some church leaders went on missions for the church. When work resumed, a new foundation of rock was put in, and the building was completed in 1878. Construction on the Logan LDS Temple began in 1877 and was completed in 1884. These two buildings remain as landmarks in the city.
In 1873 Logan had 2,033 inhabitants. In that year, the Right Reverend Daniel S. Tuttle organized St. John's Episcopal Church in the city. From that time on an active group of parishioners organized a school, established businesses, and participated in city government. They helped prepare the way for people of many religious faiths to settle in Logan.
Higher education came to Cache Valley with the founding of Brigham Young College in 1878. Some ten years later, after the passage of the Lund Act by Congress, the Agricultural College of Utah, a land-grant institution, came into being; it opened its doors to students in 1890 with a faculty of eight. It was later known as Utah State Agricultural College, and is now Utah State University. Also in Logan, Bridgerland Applied Technology Center is one of five such schools in the state and trains 6,100 students in office, managerial, and technological subjects.
Logan is presently administered by a mayor and city council, and it is the center for county government. Its largest employer is Utah State University. There are more than sixty manufacturing industries located in and around Logan, including printing of business forms and yearbooks, exercise apparatus fabrication, the production of sewn products, wooden windows and doors, and cheese and meat processing plants. Logan also has many scientific research and computer firms. There are more than 200 retail outlets in the city.
Logan Regional Hospital serves northern Utah as well as parts of Idaho and Wyoming. Newspapers include The Herald Journal and The Cache Citizen. Logan City School District instructs almost 5,500 students.
Cultural endeavors include the Festival of the American West, Summerfest Art and Jazz Fair, Old Lyric Repertory Theatre season, the Summer Concert Series, AVA Holly Faire, and the Capitol Arts Alliance, which is housed in the historic Capitol Theater on Main Street. Many museums provide talented local artists space to display their works.
The elevation of Logan is 4,775 feet, producing cold winters and cool summer nights. The nearby mountains, streams, and valleys offer sites for fishing, hunting, skiing, four-wheeling, hiking, and snowmobiling opportunities. Since World War II, Logan's population has nearly doubled from 16,832 in 1950 to 32,762 in 1990.